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References

The First Trimester

Week 0

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, April 20). Pregnancy Week by Week. Prenatal vitamins: Why they matter, how to choose. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-vitamins/PR00160.

Joseph M. Mercola, D.O. Mercola.com. (2009, November 7). No-Nonsense Guide to a Naturally Healthy Pregnancy and Baby. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/11/07/No-Nonsense-Guide-to-a-Naturally-Healthy-PregnancyandBaby.aspx.

WebMD. (2012, May 16). Pregnancy and Prenatal Vitamins. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/prenatalvitamins.

Baby Center Medical Advisory Board. Babycenter.com. (2012). Seventeen things you should do before you try to get pregnant. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.babycenter.com/0_seventeen-things-you-should-do-before-you-try-to-get-pregnan_7171.bc.

Jones, Sandy, Jones, Marcie. fitpregnancy.com. The 10 Essential Steps to
a Healthy Pregnancy. Retrieved September 2013, from: http://www.fitpregnancy.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/10-essential-steps-healthy-pregnancy#111413

March of Dimes. (2013 February). Prenatal care. Vaccinations during pregnancy. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/vaccinations-during-pregnancy.aspx.

Centers for Disease Control and Preventions, (2013 March). Vaccines and Immunizations. Guidelines For Vaccinating Pregnant Women. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/preg-guide.htm#principles

Roger W. Harris, M.D. Mayo clinic. (2012, July 20). Tests and Procedures. Splenectomy. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests/procedures/splenectomy/basics/definition/PRC-20014837

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013, March 19). Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP). Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/acip/committee/guidance/rec-vac-preg.html

AAFP. CDC Updates Guidance on Zika Testing for Pregnant Women. (July 31, 2017). Retrieved August 2017, fromhttp://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20170731zikatestupdate.html#.WYMk-AHGGTtwittetk.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, January 19). Covid-19. CASES ARE RISING. ACT NOW! Retrieved April 2020, from: CDC web page.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2021, January). Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) Pandemic. Retrieved April 2020, from: WHO web page.

Week 1

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, August 9). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Week 2

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 5.

Persaud-Sharma V. Rethinking maternal healthcare for the 21st century in the United States. J Health Soc Sci. 2020;5(3):289-300.                                     DOI 10.19204/2020/rthn1.

World Health Organization (WHO). Maternal Mortality. 10.19.2019.

Priya Agrawala, M.D. OB.Gyn, Executive Director of Merck for Mothers. Maternal mortality and morbidity in the United States of America. Bull World Health Organ 2015;93:135 | doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.14.148627

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (25, November 2019). Reproductive Health. Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. Retrieved January 2021, from: Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System.

Week 3

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 5.

Week 4

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 6.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, December 1). Listeriosis (Listeria) and Pregnancy. Retrieved April 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/infections-Listeria.html.

Week 5

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 8.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Phillips C.J., Meyer J.J. Chiropractic care, including craniosacral therapy, during pregnancy: a static-group comparison of obstetric interventions during labor and delivery. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.1995;18(8):525–529. [PubMed].

Diakow P.R.P., Gadsby T.A., Gadsby J.B., Gleddie J.G., Leprich D.J., Scales A.M. Back pain during pregnancy and labor. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1991;14(2):116–118. [PubMed].

Berg G., Hammer M., Moller-Nielsen J., Linden U., Thorblad J. Low back pain in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1988;71:71–75. [PubMed].

Fast A., Shapiro D., Ducommun E.J., Friedmann L.W., Bouklas T., Flowman Y. Low back pain in pregnancy. Spine. 1987;12:368. [PubMed].

Wang S.M., DeZenno P., Fermo L Complementary and alternative medicine for low-back pain in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey. J Altern Complement Med. 2005; 11 (3): 459-464.
Clancy F. Patient page: for your health: chiropractic advice for moms-to-be. J Am Chiropr Assoc.2003;40(11):29–30.

J.M. Fallon. Textbook on chiropractic & pregnancy. Arlington, VA: International Chiropractic Association; 1994: 52, 109.

DiMarco D.B. The female patient: enhancing and broadening the chiropractic encounter with pregnant and postpartum patients. J Am Chiropr Assoc. 2003;40(11):18–24.

Shaw G. When to adjust: chiropractic and pregnancy. J Am Chiropr Assoc. 2003;40(11):8–16.

Pistolese R.A. The Webster Technique: a chiropractic technique with obstetric implications. J Manip Physiol Ther. 2002;25(6):e1–e9. [PubMed].

World Health Organization Appropriate technology for birth. Lancet. 1985;2:436–437. [PubMed].

Ohm J. Chiropractors and midwives: a look at the Webster Technique. Midwifery Today. 2001;58:42.[PubMed].

Lisi A.J. Chiropractic spinal manipulation for low back pain of pregnancy: a retrospective case series. J Midwifery Women’s Health. 2006;51(1):e7–e10. [PubMed].

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2013, April10). Back pain during pregnancy: 7 tips for relief. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy/art-20046080.

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2014, January). Chiropractic Care During Pregnancy. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/chiropractic-care-during-pregnancy/.

The Corporate Chiropractor Center for Health and Human Performance. (2010, January). Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.corporatechiropractor.com.

Brimhall Wellness, See Miracles Daily. (2012). Find Brimhall Certified Doctors Near You! Retrieved May 2015, from: http://brimhall.com/brimhall-certified-doctors.aspx.

Twin Boro Physical Therapy. (2015). Lumbar Nerve Root Entrapment. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://twinboro.com/body/spine/lumbar/nerve/conditions/lumbar-nerve-root-entrapment-nj.html.

Perry, Michael, M.D. Laser Spine Institute. (2015). Facet Joint. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.laserspineinstitute.com/back_problems/facet_disease/facet_joint/.

Healthline. (2005-2015). BodyMaps. Intervertebral Disc. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/intervertebral-disk.

Cluett, Jonathan, M.D. About Health. (2014, December 16). Sacroiliac Joint Injury. SI Joint Pain Causes and Treatments. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/hipsurgery/a/sacroiliacjoint.htm.

Ohm, Jeanne D.C. ICPA. Advancing the Family Wellness Lifestyle. (2009, December 1). Chiropractic Care for an Easier Pregnancy and Safer Birth. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://icpa4kids.org/Wellness-Articles/chiropractic-care-for-an-easier-pregnancy-and-safer-birth.html.

Borggren, Cara. L. J Chiropr Med. 2007 Spring; 6(2): 70–74. Published online 2007. doi: 10.1016/j.jcme.2007.04.004. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2647084/.

Marshall, Sarah. M.D., Gilbert, William. M.D. WebMD. Health & Pregnancy. (2013, July 24). External Cephalic Version (Version) for Breech Position. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.webmd.com/baby/external-cephalic-version-version.

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2007 July). Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): The Pregnancy Hormone. Retrieved July 2012, from: http:///www.americanpregnancy.org.

Week 6

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2,

(ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 8.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 6. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/6-weeks-pregnant.

Barth, Lisa. ConsumerReports.org. (2013 October). Car crashes are leading threat to pregnant drivers. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2008/04/car-crashes-are-leading-threat-to-pregnant-drivers/index.htm.

Haelle, Tara. dailyrx.com. (2013 October). Buckling Up While Pregnant. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.dailyrx.com/pregnant-women-car-accidents-more-likely-have-birth-complications.

Press Release. The University of Michigan Health System. Department of Public Relations and Marketing Communications Newsroom. (2012, April, 2). Proper seatbelt use by pregnant women would save 200 fetuses a year, University of Michigan study finds. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.med.umich.edu/opm/newspage/2008/seatbelts.htm.

Week 7

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 7. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/7-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 8

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 7. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/8-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Wisborg K, Ingerslev H, Henriksen, T. (2010, February 23). “IVF and stillbirth: a prospective follow-up study” Human Reproduction. (5), 1312-6.

Michael Smith. Medpage Today. (2010, February 24). IVF Linked to Higher Stillbirth Rate. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/Pregnancy/18650.

Peter J. Chen, MD. University of Maryland Medical Center. (2008, October 22). Later Age Pregnancy. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.umm.edu/pregnancy/000201.htm.

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Susan Storck, MD, FACOG. University of Maryland Medical Center. (2009, September 2). Adolescent Pregnancy – Treatment. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/001516trt.htm.

Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics Inc. USA. (2011, February 4). What Does It Mean to Be Rh-Negative? Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.rhogam.com/Patient/WhatRhNegativeMeans/Pages/WhatdoseitmeantoRhNegative.aspx.

Stoppler, M. MedicineNet.com. (2009, September 24). Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion). Retrieved January 2011, from: http://www.medicinenet.com/miscarriage/article.htm.

Silver, R.M. MD, Varner, M.W. MD, Reddy, U. MD, Goldenberg, R. MD, Pinar, H. MD. Conway, D. MD, Bukowski, R. MD, Carpenter, M. MD, Hogue, C. PhD, MPH, Willinger, M. PhD, Dudley, D. MD, Saade, G. MD, Stoll, B. MD. (2007). WORK-UP OF A STILLBIRTH: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 196(5): 433–444.

The University of Chicago Medicine. (2012). Frequently Asked Questions About Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.uchospitals.edu/specialties/obgyn/cerclage/faq.html.

Montgomery, K. PhD RN., Cubera, B., Belcher, C., Patrick, D., Funderburk, H., Melton, C., Fastenau, M. (Spring 2005). Childbirth Education for Multiple Pregnancy, Part 1: Prenatal Considerations. J Perinat Educ. 14(2), 26-35. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1595249/.

Misita, C. PharmD, Moll, S. MD, (2005). Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Circulation American Heart Association, 112:e39-e44. http://circ.ahajournals.org.

Torpy J.M., Lynm C., Glass R.M. (2005). Smoking and Pregnancy. JAMA. 293(10):1286. http://jama.jamanetwork.com

Simmons, D. MD, (2008, July 29). Diabetes During And After Pregnancy: Screen More, Monitor Better. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 179(3) 215-216. http://www.cmaj.ca.

Peppercorn, M., Wolters Kluwer Health. (2012, June 5). Patient information: Inflammatory bowel disease and pregnancy (Beyond the Basics). Retrieved Fall 2012, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-pregnancy-beyond-the-basics.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 30). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pregnancy/PR00125 .

Warland, J. RN MD PhD, McCutcheon, H. RN BA MPH PhD, Baghurst, P. BAgSc (Hons) B.Sc MS PhD, (2008). Maternal Blood Pressure in Pregnancy and Stillbirth. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY. 25(5):b311-317.

Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine. (2010). What is Maternal Fetal Medicine? Retrieved March 2012, from: https://www.smfm.org/What%20is%20Maternal%20Fetal%20Medicine%20Page.cfm?ht=p.

San Diego Perinatal Center. (2012). Ultrasound. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://sandiegoperinatal.com/ourservices/prenataldiagnosis/ultrasound/.

McGregor, J. MD. OBGYN.net. (2011, October 26). Group B Strep: A Patient/Provider Approach for Optimizing Care. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://hcp.obgyn.net/pregnancy-anbirth/content/article/1760982/1977703.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, May 23). Group B Strep (GBS). Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 28). Health-e-cards, Strep B. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=193.

Stop CMV – The CMV Action Network. (2009, June 1). Transmission. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.stopcmv.org/en/public/learn/transmission.html.

Anderson, B., Schulkin, J., Ross, D.S., Rasmussen, S.A., Jones, J.L., Cannon, M. J. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2007). Knowledge and practices of obstetricians and gynecologists regarding cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy–United States. 57: 65-68. http://www.acog.org/About_ACOG/ACOG_Departments/Research/2008_Publications.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 16). Group B Strep (GBS) 2010 Guidelines. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/guidelines/guidelines.html.

Stop CMV – The CMV Action Network. (2009, June 1). Prevention. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.stopcmv.org/en/public/learn/prevention.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 28). Health-e-cards, Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=214.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, February 1). Parasites. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/npi.html.

March of Dimes. (2012 February). Pregnancy Complications, Toxoplasmosis. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications_toxoplasmosis.html.

WebMD. (2012, May 07). Dental Care and Pregnancy. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/dental-care-pregnancy.

McGregor, J., French, J. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Pathogenesis to Treatment: (1997). Preventing Preterm Birth Mediated by Infection. 5(2): 106–114. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2364559.

McGregor, J. MD. OBGYN.net. (2011, October 26). Group B Strep: A Patient/Provider Approach for Optimizing Care. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://hcp.obgyn.net/pregnancy-and-birth/content/article/1760982/1977703

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Frequently Asked Questions. (2011, August). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq027.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121014T1358320429.

Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, a Johnson & Johnson Company. What Does It Mean to Be Rh-Negative? (2011, February 4). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.rhogam.com/Patient/WhatRhNegativeMeans/Pages/WhatdoseitmeantoRhNegative.aspx.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, June 16). Rh factor blood test. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rh-factor/MY01163 .

Dr. Trisha Macnair. BBC Health. (2008, June). Pregnancy and rhesus disease. Retrieved December 2012, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/pregnancy/pregnancy_rhesus.shtml .

March of Dimes. (2008 August). Genital herpes. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications_herpes.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, January 28). Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Treatment Guidelines 2010. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-ulcers.htm

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 20). Placenta previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000900.htm

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2007 May). Placenta Previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/placentaprevia.html

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 23). Anatomy of a normal previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/17010.htm

Heidi Murkoff. WHAT TO EXPECT. Pregnancy and parenting every step of the way. (2005). Amniocentesis. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/pregnancy/.

AMERICAN THYROID ASSOCIATION. Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy. (2012, June 4). Retrieved January 2015, from: http://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-disease-and-pregnancy/.

Listeriosis in Pregnancy: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. Vanitha Janakiraman. Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Fall; 1(4): 179–185.
PMCID: PMC2621056. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2621056/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013, June 4). When Food Bites Back: Protecting Those at Risk for Listeria Food Poisoning. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/features/vitalsigns/listeria/

Foodsafey.gov. Food Poisoning. Listeria. Retrieved March 2015, from:
http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/listeria/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, December 1)
Listeriosis (Listeria) and Pregnancy. Retrieved March 2015, from:
http://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/infections-Listeria.html

Week 9

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 9. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/9-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 10

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 13.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 10. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/10-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Azpurua, H., Funai, E., Coraluzzi, L., Sasson, I., Doherty, L., Kliman, M., Kliman, H., (2010) Determination of placental weight using two-dimensional sonography and volumetric mathematic modeling. Am J Perinatology, 27:151-155.

Kliman, H., Apple Inc. (2012). EPV Calculator By Harperfection Corporation. Retrieved 2012, October 20, from: https://itunes.apple.com/app/epv-calculator/id406708196?mt=8.

Week 11

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 14.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 11. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/11-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2008, March 10). First Trimester Nuchal Translucency Screening. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/
fetal_diagnostic_procedures/first_trimester_nuchal_translucency_screening.html#
.

Baby2see.com. (2012). Fetal Development, External and Internal genital organs. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.baby2see.com/gender/external_genitals.html#angle_of_dangle.

Week 12

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 12. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/12-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 7). Chorionic Villus Sampling. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003406.htm

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne

Mark A. Underwood MD, William A. Gilbert MD, Michael P. Sherman MD. (2005). State of the Art.
Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. Journal of Perinatology, 25, 341–348.
doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.


The Second Trimester

Week 13

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 13. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/13-weeks-pregnant

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Week 14

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 14. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/14-weeks-pregnant

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Laboratories. (2011, May 16). Prenatal Quad Screen. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.clevelandcliniclabs.com/portals/66/PDF/TechBriefs/TB_PrenatalQuadScreen.pdf .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, October 13). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/quad-screen/MY00127/DSECTION=results.

Week 15

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 15. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/15-weeks-pregnant .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Arand, Donna. Babycenter.com. (2012). What’s the best sleep position during pregnancy? Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.babycenter.com/404_whats-the-best-sleep-position-during-pregnancy_7608.bc.

National Sleep Foundation. (2011). Pregnancy and Sleep. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.sleepfoundation.org/article/sleep-topics/pregnancy-and-sleep.

Penny, M.D. MattressReviewLady.com (2013). Air Beds for Pregnancy (and Post Pregnancy!) Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.mattressreviewlady.com/air-beds-for-pregnancy/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. DES UPDATE: CONSUMERS. ABOUT DES. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/DES/consumers/about/history.html.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2015, March 12). Diseases and conditions. Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/incompetent-cervix/basics/definition/CON-20035375.

March of Dimes. (2012 April). Pregnancy complications. Cervical insufficiency. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/cervical-insufficiency.aspx#.

Tristine Miller, Julie Snyder. Pregnancy.org. Incompetent cervix — caring for it during pregnancy. Retreived March 2015, from:
http://www.pregnancy.org/article/incompetent-cervix.

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MEDICINE. (2015). Frequently Asked Questions About Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.uchospitals.edu/specialties/obgyn/cerclage/faq.html.

Week 16

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 16. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/16-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Benavides, D., ICPCARE.org. (2012). Overview, Itching. Retrieved February 2017, from: http://www.icpcare.org/what-is-icp/overview.

Week 17

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 17. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/17-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Week 18

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 18. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/18-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Azpurua, H., Funai, E., Coraluzzi, L., Sasson, I., Doherty, L., Kliman, M., Kliman, H., (2010) Determination of placental weight using two-dimensional sonography and volumetric mathematic modeling. Am J Perinatology, 27:151-155.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012; 12(Suppl 1): A7.Published online Aug 28, 2012. doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-12-S1-A7

Week 19

Jason H. Collins MD MSCR. Silent Risk: Issues about the Human Umbilical Cord, 2nd Edition. June 30, 2014. Hardcover, 238 pages, ISBN 9781499039108. Softcover, 238 pages, ISBN 9781499039115.
E-Book, 238 pages, ISBN 9781499039092.

Julie Victoria Holm Tveit, Eli Saastad, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Per E. Bordahl, Vicki Flenady, Ruth Fretts, J. Frederik Froen. Reduction of late stillbirth with the introduction of fetal movement information and guidelines – a clinical quality improvement. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth volume 9, Article number: 32 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-9-32

Redshaw M, Hennegan JM, Henderson J. Impact of holding the baby following stillbirth on maternal mental health and well-being: findings from a national surveyBMJ Open 2016;6:e010996. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010996: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/8/e010996

MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing. May/June 2014, Volume :39 Number 3 , page 146 – 147  [Free]. Article_ID=2445542&Journal_ID=54021&Issue_ID=2445533..

Stillbirth: Surviving Emotionally, Pregnancy Loss. American Pregnancy Association. Last Updated: 08/2015, Retrieved January 2019, from: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-loss/stillborn-surviving-emotionally/

Eleanor R. Jones, Victoria Holmes, Alexander E.P. Heazell. The use of cold cots following perinatal death RSS Download PDF. Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 2017-10-01, Volume 217, Pages 179-180, Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. http://flexmort.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/The-Use-of-Cold-Cots-following-perinatal-death-2017.pdf.

Dr. Amos Grunebaum, MD. Babymed. Counting Fetal Movements: The Baby Kick CountUpdated April 30, 2019. http://www.babymed.com/pregnancy/counting-fetal-movements-baby-kick-count 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stillbirth Resources. Retrieved March 2019, from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/stillbirth/resources.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stillbirth. Retrieved March 2019, from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/stillbirth/index.html 

Laura Johnston. Stillbirth in the 21st century? It happens. The Washington Post. February 10, 2015. http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/parenting/wp/2015/02/10/stillbirth-seems-inconceivable-in-the-21st-century-but-it-still-happens/.

March of Dimes. Stillbirth. Updated: April 2019. Retrieved May 2019, from:   https://www.marchofdimes.org/complications/stillbirth.aspx

March of Dimes. Umbilical Cord Conditions. Last reviewed: June, 2016. Retrieved February 2019, from: https://www.marchofdimes.org/complications/umbilical-cord-conditions.aspx

Kingdon, C., O’Donnell, E., Givens, J., & Turner, M. (2015). The Role of Healthcare Professionals in Encouraging Parents to See and Hold Their Stillborn Baby: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Studies. PloS one, 10(7), e0130059. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130059.

Mantakas, X., Dalivigkas, I., Aravantinos, L., Goutas, N., Goudeli, C., & Vlahos, N. (2018). Placenta and Umbilical Cord Cause in Antepartum Deaths. Cureus, 10(11), e3556. doi:10.7759/cureus.3556

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 19. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/19-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Preeclampsia Foundation. (2012). Health Information. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preeclampsia.org/health-information.

Preeclampsia Foundation. (2013, November 14). New ACOG Guidelines Just Released. Retrieved November 2013, from: http://www.preeclampsia.org/the-news/1-latest-news/295-new-acog-guidelines-just-released#.UoWQWxI3mjw.facebook.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, April 21). Definition. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preeclampsia/DS00583.

Week 20

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 20. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/20-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gyneacologists, RCOG Green-top Guideline No. 57. (2011, February) Retrieved January 2017, from:http://www.rcog.org.uk/globalassets/documents/guidelines/gtg_57.pdf.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. (2011, July 1). What Are Congenital Heart Defects? Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/chd/.

Altman, C., Wolters Kluwer Health, Up to Date. (2012). Congenital heart disease (CHD) in the newborn: Presentation and screening for critical chd. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/congenital-heart-disease-chd-in-the-newborn-presentation-and-screening-for-critical-chd.

McCormick, K. (2012, October 15). Cora’s Story, She saves lives now, Congenital Heart Defects, Advocacy and Baby Loss. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://corasstory.com.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Umbilical Cord Accidents ABSTRACT. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/pucp.html.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues About The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Common Tests During Pregnancy, What is an ultrasound? Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pregnancy_and_childbirth/common_tests_during_pregnancy_85,P01241/.

McGee Karchner, M., MBA RDMS. SheKnows LLC. (2012). How Can A Sonographer Tell Baby Is A Girl? Retrieved April 2012, from: http://pregnancyandbaby.com/pregnancy/articles/937337/is-it-a-girl-how-an-ultrasound-can-tell.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, February 24). Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preterm-labor/DS01197 .

March of Dimes. (2012 September). Preterm labor. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html

Week 21

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 21. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/21-weeks-pregnant .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 25). What’s the significance of a fundal height measurement? Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fundal-height/AN0162

Week 22

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 22. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/22-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 23

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 23. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/23-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2011, September 19). Polyhydramnios. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003267.htm

McCurdy, CM Jr., Seeds, JW. Seminars in Perinatology. (1993 Jun). Oligohydramnios: problems and treatment. 17(3):183-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7690990

Tibboel, D., Gaillard, J.L.J., Spritzer, R., Wallenburg, H.C.S. European Journal of Pediatrics. (1990 April). Pulmonary hypoplasia secondary to oligohydramnios with very premature rupture of fetal membranes. 149(7):496-499.

Underwood, M. A., Gilbert, W.M., Sherman, M.P. Journal of Perinatology. (2005). Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. 25, 341-348. Doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Gramellini, D., Fieni, S., Kaihura, C., Piantelli, G., Verrotti, C. Journal of Maternal Fetal Medicine.(2003). (RG) Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Antepartum amnioinfusion: a review. 14(5):291-296.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 23). Hydramnios. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000599.htm

University of Rochester Medical Center. Health Encyclopedia. Amniotic Fluid Problems/Hydramnios/Oligohydramnios. (2013, June 28). Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/Encyclopedia/Content.aspx?ContentTypeID=90&ContentID=P02430

Week 24

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 24. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/24-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 25

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 25. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/25-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Boston Baby Beginnings. (2012). Class Descriptions. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://bostonbabybeginnings.com/class_description.htm.

Week 26

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 26. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/26-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2010, August 28). Glucose Challenge Test. Retrieved June 2010, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/glucose-challenge-test/MY00146

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, August 14). Diabetes &Pregnancy. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=303.

Week 27

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 27. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/27-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, February 24). Preterm Labor, Basics. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html.

March of Dimes. (2012 September). Preterm labor. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html.

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne.


The Third Trimester

Week 28

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 28. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/28-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Umbilical Cord Accidents ABSTRACT. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/pucp.html.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

First Candle. Kicks Count! (2011, June 11) Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.firstcandle.org/new-expectant-parents/kicks-count/.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Special Tests for Monitoring Fetal Health. (2011, August). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq098.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120709T1227220832.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

Alere™. (2012). Obstetrical Home Care Services. Retrieved December 2012, from: http://www.alere.com/us/en/health-solutions/health-management/women-and-childrens-health/ob-homecare.html.

Week 29

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 29. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/29-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved July 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health. What Causes Cerebral Palsy? (2012, August 23). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/detail_cerebral_palsy.htm#211413104.

Nelson, K., Grether J. Am J Obstet Gynecol. (1998 August). Potentially asphyxiating conditions and spastic cerebral palsy in infants of normal birth weight. 179(2):507-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Grether%20JK%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=9731861.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Whitworth, M., Fisher, M., Heazell, A. (2011, February). NHS Evidence. Green-top Guideline 57, Reduced Fetal Movements. 1-16. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/GTG57RFM25022011.pdf.

Flenady, V., Middleton, P., Smith, G., Duke, W., Erwich, J., Khong, T., Neilson, J., Ezzati, M., Koopmans, L., Ellwood, D., Fretts, R., Frøen, J. Lancet. (2011, May 14). Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries. 377(9778):1703-17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21496907.

C M Dudiak, C G Salomon, H V Posniak, M C Olson, M E Flisak. (1995). Sonography of the umbilical cord. RadioGraphics, 15, 1035-1050.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (1998). The Pregnancy Institute. The Human Umbilical Cord, Discussions. Retrieved Janyary 2013, from: http://www.preginst.com/tpbook/ch26/page3.html.

Week 30

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 30. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/30-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (1998). The Pregnancy Institute. The Human Umbilical Cord, Discussions. Retrieved July 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/tpbook/ch26/page3.html.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, What is a Non-Stress Test (NST)? Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/antepartum_testing_prenatal_diagnosis_treatment_center/non_stress_test.html.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Biophysical Profile. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/antepartum_testing_prenatal_diagnosis_treatment_center/biophysical_profile.html.

Nair, S., Buzzle.com (2012, January 31). Fetal Hiccups. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/fetal-hiccups.html.

Week 31

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 31. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/31-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Week 32

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 32. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/32-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

Week 33

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 33. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/33-weeks-pregnant.

Carrie Murphy. Parents. 7 Things to Do NOW to Make the First Weeks After Baby Even Better. Retrieved August 2018, from: www.parents.com.

Phoenix Family Birth. Retrieved August 2018, from: www.phoenixfamilybirth.com.

Postpartum Period. Wikipedia. Retrieved August 2018, from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postpartum_period.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.

Week 34

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 34. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/34-weeks-pregnant.

Week 35

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 35. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/35-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2011 April). Prevention of Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease in Newborns. Retrieved September 2011, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/Committee%20Opinions/Committee%20on%20Obstetric%20Practice/co485.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120213T1236475499.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, May 23). Group B Strep (GBS). Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html.

Geoffrey Chamberlain, Philip Steer. (1999). ABC of labour care. Unusual presentations and positions and multiple pregnancy. BMJ. May 1; 318(7192): 1192–1194.

Week 36

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 36. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/36-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Valentin, L., Marsál, K. Early Human Development. (1986 Dec). Fetal movement in the third trimester of normal pregnancy. 14(3-4):295-306. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3492361.

Week 37

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 37. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/37-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Milan, Caesar. (2011, August 29). Introduce Your Dog To Your Baby. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.cesarsway.com/tips/yournewdog/introduce-your-dog-to-your-baby.

The Humane Society of the United States. (2012, July 24). Introducing Your New Pet and New Baby. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/resources/tips/pets_babies.html.

Barth, Lisa. ConsumerReports.org. (2013 October). Car crashes are leading threat to pregnant drivers. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2008/04/car-crashes-are-leading-threat-to-pregnant-drivers/index.htm.

Haelle, Tara. dailyrx.com. (2013 October). Buckling Up While Pregnant. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.dailyrx.com/pregnant-women-car-accidents-more-likely-have-birth-complications.

Week 38

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 38. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/38-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2011, November 14). Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001596.htm.

Mark A. Underwood MD, William A. Gilbert MD, Michael P. Sherman MD. (2005). State of the Art.
Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. Journal of Perinatology, 25, 341–348.
doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Week 39

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 39. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/39-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 40

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 40. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/40-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

PennState Hershey, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. (2010, December 1). Pregnancy Central, Labor and Delivery. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=14&pid=14&gid=000145.

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne.


In the News

Laidman, Jenni. Medscape Medical News. (2013 July). Breast-feeding RatesUp Dramatically, CDC Reports. Retrieved August 2013, from:http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/808860.

Stephanie Morain, M.P.H., Michael F. Greene, M.D., and Michelle M. Mello, J.D., Ph.D. (2013, July 17). N Engl J Med 2013; 369:499-501. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1304843. Retrieved July 2013, from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1304843?query=TOC.

Macrae, Fiona. www.dailymail.co.uk. (2013, July 14). How anxiety is linked to the amount of stress your mother suffers during pregnancy. Retrieved July 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2362878/Babies-exposed-mothers-stress-hormone-womb-likely-develop-depression.html.

Ready, Tinker. Medscape Medical News. (2013, June 27). Caesarean Deliveries Level Off After 12-Year-Long Rise. Retrieved June 2013, from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/807000?nlid=31914_1049&src=wnl_edit_dail

Press Release. Action Medical Research for Children. (2013, June 21). Stillbirth and other pregnancy complications: predicting who’s at risk. Retrieved June 2013, from: http://www.action.org.uk/press_release/stillbirth_and_other_pregnancy_complications_predicting_whos_risk.

BBC News Health. (2013, April 26). Cutting cord early ‘risk to babies’. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22307946.

BBC News Health. (2013, August 6). Pregnancy length ‘varies naturally by up to five weeks’. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-23594668.

Jha, Alok. The Guardian. (2011, June 14). Link found between stillbirth and sleeping position in pregnancy. Retrieved June 2011, from: http://www.theguardian.com/science/2011/jun/14/pregnant-women-sleep-left-stillbirth.

Brown, Larisa. Mail Online. (2013, August 18). Pregnant women CAN drink alcohol and coffee, claims controversial new book that aims to dispel ‘motherhood myths’. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2396526/Emily-Oster-Pregnant-women-CAN-drink-alcohol-coffee-claims-new-book.html.

McConville, Kylie. The Bump. (2013, August). Study Finds Hospital Circumcision Rates Have Dropped: What Do You Think? Retrieved August 2013, from: http://blog.thebump.com/2013/08/22/study-finds-hospital-circumcision-rates-have-dropped-what-do-you-think/?cm_mmc=twitter-_-aug13-_-CircumcisionRatesDropped-_-none.

Kirkova, Deni. Mail Online. (2013, August 4). Pregnant women should be encouraged to engage in regular exercise’: Working out improves mood and reduces fatigue. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2384387/Pregnant-women-encouraged-engage-regular-exercise-Working-improves-mood-reduces-fatigue.html.

Nguyen, Ye, MD. FitPregnancy Online. (2013). Meditation, Mantras and Visualization. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.fitpregnancy.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/meditation-mantras-visualization?page=2.