References

The First Trimester

Week 0

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, April 20). Pregnancy Week by Week. Prenatal vitamins: Why they matter, how to choose. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-vitamins/PR00160.

Joseph M. Mercola, D.O. Mercola.com. (2009, November 7). No-Nonsense Guide to a Naturally Healthy Pregnancy and Baby. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/11/07/No-Nonsense-Guide-to-a-Naturally-Healthy-PregnancyandBaby.aspx.

WebMD. (2012, May 16). Pregnancy and Prenatal Vitamins. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/prenatalvitamins.

Baby Center Medical Advisory Board. Babycenter.com. (2012). Seventeen things you should do before you try to get pregnant. Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.babycenter.com/0_seventeen-things-you-should-do-before-you-try-to-get-pregnan_7171.bc.

Jones, Sandy, Jones, Marcie. fitpregnancy.com. The 10 Essential Steps to
a Healthy Pregnancy. Retrieved September 2013, from: http://www.fitpregnancy.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/10-essential-steps-healthy-pregnancy#111413

March of Dimes. (2013 February). Prenatal care. Vaccinations during pregnancy. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/vaccinations-during-pregnancy.aspx.

Centers for Disease Control and Preventions, (2013 March). Vaccines and Immunizations. Guidelines For Vaccinating Pregnant Women. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/preg-guide.htm#principles

Roger W. Harris, M.D. Mayo clinic. (2012, July 20). Tests and Procedures. Splenectomy. Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests/procedures/splenectomy/basics/definition/PRC-20014837

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013, March 19). Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP). Retrieved April 2014, from: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/acip/committee/guidance/rec-vac-preg.html

Week 1

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, August 9). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Week 2

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 5.

Week 3

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 5.

Week 4

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 6.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, December 1). Listeriosis (Listeria) and Pregnancy. Retrieved April 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/infections-Listeria.html.

Week 5

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 8.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

Phillips C.J., Meyer J.J. Chiropractic care, including craniosacral therapy, during pregnancy: a static-group comparison of obstetric interventions during labor and delivery. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.1995;18(8):525–529. [PubMed].

Diakow P.R.P., Gadsby T.A., Gadsby J.B., Gleddie J.G., Leprich D.J., Scales A.M. Back pain during pregnancy and labor. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1991;14(2):116–118. [PubMed].

Berg G., Hammer M., Moller-Nielsen J., Linden U., Thorblad J. Low back pain in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1988;71:71–75. [PubMed].

Fast A., Shapiro D., Ducommun E.J., Friedmann L.W., Bouklas T., Flowman Y. Low back pain in pregnancy. Spine. 1987;12:368. [PubMed].

Wang S.M., DeZenno P., Fermo L Complementary and alternative medicine for low-back pain in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey. J Altern Complement Med. 2005; 11 (3): 459-464.
Clancy F. Patient page: for your health: chiropractic advice for moms-to-be. J Am Chiropr Assoc.2003;40(11):29–30.

J.M. Fallon. Textbook on chiropractic & pregnancy. Arlington, VA: International Chiropractic Association; 1994: 52, 109.

DiMarco D.B. The female patient: enhancing and broadening the chiropractic encounter with pregnant and postpartum patients. J Am Chiropr Assoc. 2003;40(11):18–24.

Shaw G. When to adjust: chiropractic and pregnancy. J Am Chiropr Assoc. 2003;40(11):8–16.

Pistolese R.A. The Webster Technique: a chiropractic technique with obstetric implications. J Manip Physiol Ther. 2002;25(6):e1–e9. [PubMed].

World Health Organization Appropriate technology for birth. Lancet. 1985;2:436–437. [PubMed].

Ohm J. Chiropractors and midwives: a look at the Webster Technique. Midwifery Today. 2001;58:42.[PubMed].

Lisi A.J. Chiropractic spinal manipulation for low back pain of pregnancy: a retrospective case series. J Midwifery Women’s Health. 2006;51(1):e7–e10. [PubMed].

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2013, April10). Back pain during pregnancy: 7 tips for relief. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy/art-20046080.

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2014, January). Chiropractic Care During Pregnancy. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/chiropractic-care-during-pregnancy/.

The Corporate Chiropractor Center for Health and Human Performance. (2010, January). Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.corporatechiropractor.com.

Brimhall Wellness, See Miracles Daily. (2012). Find Brimhall Certified Doctors Near You! Retrieved May 2015, from: http://brimhall.com/brimhall-certified-doctors.aspx.

Twin Boro Physical Therapy. (2015). Lumbar Nerve Root Entrapment. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://twinboro.com/body/spine/lumbar/nerve/conditions/lumbar-nerve-root-entrapment-nj.html.

Perry, Michael, M.D. Laser Spine Institute. (2015). Facet Joint. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.laserspineinstitute.com/back_problems/facet_disease/facet_joint/.

Healthline. (2005-2015). BodyMaps. Intervertebral Disc. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/intervertebral-disk.

Cluett, Jonathan, M.D. About Health. (2014, December 16). Sacroiliac Joint Injury. SI Joint Pain Causes and Treatments. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/hipsurgery/a/sacroiliacjoint.htm.

Ohm, Jeanne D.C. ICPA. Advancing the Family Wellness Lifestyle. (2009, December 1). Chiropractic Care for an Easier Pregnancy and Safer Birth. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://icpa4kids.org/Wellness-Articles/chiropractic-care-for-an-easier-pregnancy-and-safer-birth.html.

Borggren, Cara. L. J Chiropr Med. 2007 Spring; 6(2): 70–74. Published online 2007. doi: 10.1016/j.jcme.2007.04.004. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2647084/.

Marshall, Sarah. M.D., Gilbert, William. M.D. WebMD. Health & Pregnancy. (2013, July 24). External Cephalic Version (Version) for Breech Position. Retrieved May 2015, from: http://www.webmd.com/baby/external-cephalic-version-version.

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2007 July). Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): The Pregnancy Hormone. Retrieved July 2012, from: http:///www.americanpregnancy.org.

Week 6

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112.

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2,

(ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 8.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 6. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/6-weeks-pregnant.

Barth, Lisa. ConsumerReports.org. (2013 October). Car crashes are leading threat to pregnant drivers. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2008/04/car-crashes-are-leading-threat-to-pregnant-drivers/index.htm.

Haelle, Tara. dailyrx.com. (2013 October). Buckling Up While Pregnant. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.dailyrx.com/pregnant-women-car-accidents-more-likely-have-birth-complications.

Press Release. The University of Michigan Health System. Department of Public Relations and Marketing Communications Newsroom. (2012, April, 2). Proper seatbelt use by pregnant women would save 200 fetuses a year, University of Michigan study finds. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.med.umich.edu/opm/newspage/2008/seatbelts.htm.

Week 7

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 7. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/7-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 8

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 7. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/8-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Wisborg K, Ingerslev H, Henriksen, T. (2010, February 23). “IVF and stillbirth: a prospective follow-up study” Human Reproduction. (5), 1312-6.

Michael Smith. Medpage Today. (2010, February 24). IVF Linked to Higher Stillbirth Rate. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/Pregnancy/18650.

Peter J. Chen, MD. University of Maryland Medical Center. (2008, October 22). Later Age Pregnancy. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.umm.edu/pregnancy/000201.htm.

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Susan Storck, MD, FACOG. University of Maryland Medical Center. (2009, September 2). Adolescent Pregnancy – Treatment. Retrieved January 2012, from: http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/001516trt.htm.

Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics Inc. USA. (2011, February 4). What Does It Mean to Be Rh-Negative? Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.rhogam.com/Patient/WhatRhNegativeMeans/Pages/WhatdoseitmeantoRhNegative.aspx.

Stoppler, M. MedicineNet.com. (2009, September 24). Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion). Retrieved January 2011, from: http://www.medicinenet.com/miscarriage/article.htm.

Silver, R.M. MD, Varner, M.W. MD, Reddy, U. MD, Goldenberg, R. MD, Pinar, H. MD. Conway, D. MD, Bukowski, R. MD, Carpenter, M. MD, Hogue, C. PhD, MPH, Willinger, M. PhD, Dudley, D. MD, Saade, G. MD, Stoll, B. MD. (2007). WORK-UP OF A STILLBIRTH: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 196(5): 433–444.

The University of Chicago Medicine. (2012). Frequently Asked Questions About Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.uchospitals.edu/specialties/obgyn/cerclage/faq.html.

Montgomery, K. PhD RN., Cubera, B., Belcher, C., Patrick, D., Funderburk, H., Melton, C., Fastenau, M. (Spring 2005). Childbirth Education for Multiple Pregnancy, Part 1: Prenatal Considerations. J Perinat Educ. 14(2), 26-35. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1595249/.

Misita, C. PharmD, Moll, S. MD, (2005). Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Circulation American Heart Association, 112:e39-e44. http://circ.ahajournals.org.

Torpy J.M., Lynm C., Glass R.M. (2005). Smoking and Pregnancy. JAMA. 293(10):1286. http://jama.jamanetwork.com

Simmons, D. MD, (2008, July 29). Diabetes During And After Pregnancy: Screen More, Monitor Better. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 179(3) 215-216. http://www.cmaj.ca.

Peppercorn, M., Wolters Kluwer Health. (2012, June 5). Patient information: Inflammatory bowel disease and pregnancy (Beyond the Basics). Retrieved Fall 2012, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-pregnancy-beyond-the-basics.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 30). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pregnancy/PR00125 .

Warland, J. RN MD PhD, McCutcheon, H. RN BA MPH PhD, Baghurst, P. BAgSc (Hons) B.Sc MS PhD, (2008). Maternal Blood Pressure in Pregnancy and Stillbirth. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY. 25(5):b311-317.

Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine. (2010). What is Maternal Fetal Medicine? Retrieved March 2012, from: https://www.smfm.org/What%20is%20Maternal%20Fetal%20Medicine%20Page.cfm?ht=p.

San Diego Perinatal Center. (2012). Ultrasound. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://sandiegoperinatal.com/ourservices/prenataldiagnosis/ultrasound/.

McGregor, J. MD. OBGYN.net. (2011, October 26). Group B Strep: A Patient/Provider Approach for Optimizing Care. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://hcp.obgyn.net/pregnancy-anbirth/content/article/1760982/1977703.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, May 23). Group B Strep (GBS). Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 28). Health-e-cards, Strep B. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=193.

Stop CMV – The CMV Action Network. (2009, June 1). Transmission. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.stopcmv.org/en/public/learn/transmission.html.

Anderson, B., Schulkin, J., Ross, D.S., Rasmussen, S.A., Jones, J.L., Cannon, M. J. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2007). Knowledge and practices of obstetricians and gynecologists regarding cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy–United States. 57: 65-68. http://www.acog.org/About_ACOG/ACOG_Departments/Research/2008_Publications.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 16). Group B Strep (GBS) 2010 Guidelines. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/guidelines/guidelines.html.

Stop CMV – The CMV Action Network. (2009, June 1). Prevention. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.stopcmv.org/en/public/learn/prevention.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 28). Health-e-cards, Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=214.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, February 1). Parasites. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/npi.html.

March of Dimes. (2012 February). Pregnancy Complications, Toxoplasmosis. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications_toxoplasmosis.html.

WebMD. (2012, May 07). Dental Care and Pregnancy. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/dental-care-pregnancy.

McGregor, J., French, J. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Pathogenesis to Treatment: (1997). Preventing Preterm Birth Mediated by Infection. 5(2): 106–114. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2364559.

McGregor, J. MD. OBGYN.net. (2011, October 26). Group B Strep: A Patient/Provider Approach for Optimizing Care. Retrieved February 2012, from: http://hcp.obgyn.net/pregnancy-and-birth/content/article/1760982/1977703

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Frequently Asked Questions. (2011, August). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq027.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121014T1358320429.

Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, a Johnson & Johnson Company. What Does It Mean to Be Rh-Negative? (2011, February 4). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.rhogam.com/Patient/WhatRhNegativeMeans/Pages/WhatdoseitmeantoRhNegative.aspx.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, June 16). Rh factor blood test. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rh-factor/MY01163 .

Dr. Trisha Macnair. BBC Health. (2008, June). Pregnancy and rhesus disease. Retrieved December 2012, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/pregnancy/pregnancy_rhesus.shtml .

March of Dimes. (2008 August). Genital herpes. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications_herpes.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, January 28). Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Treatment Guidelines 2010. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-ulcers.htm

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 20). Placenta previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000900.htm

American Pregnancy Association, Promoting Pregnancy Wellness. (2007 May). Placenta Previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/placentaprevia.html

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 23). Anatomy of a normal previa. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/17010.htm

Heidi Murkoff. WHAT TO EXPECT. Pregnancy and parenting every step of the way. (2005). Amniocentesis. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/pregnancy/.

AMERICAN THYROID ASSOCIATION. Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy. (2012, June 4). Retrieved January 2015, from: http://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-disease-and-pregnancy/.

Listeriosis in Pregnancy: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. Vanitha Janakiraman. Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Fall; 1(4): 179–185.
PMCID: PMC2621056. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2621056/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013, June 4). When Food Bites Back: Protecting Those at Risk for Listeria Food Poisoning. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/features/vitalsigns/listeria/

Foodsafey.gov. Food Poisoning. Listeria. Retrieved March 2015, from:
http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/listeria/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, December 1)
Listeriosis (Listeria) and Pregnancy. Retrieved March 2015, from:
http://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/infections-Listeria.html

Week 9

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 9. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/9-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 10

(2011). As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 13.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 10. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/10-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Azpurua, H., Funai, E., Coraluzzi, L., Sasson, I., Doherty, L., Kliman, M., Kliman, H., (2010) Determination of placental weight using two-dimensional sonography and volumetric mathematic modeling. Am J Perinatology, 27:151-155.

Kliman, H., Apple Inc. (2012). EPV Calculator By Harperfection Corporation. Retrieved 2012, October 20, from: https://itunes.apple.com/app/epv-calculator/id406708196?mt=8.

Week 11

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 14.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 11. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/11-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2008, March 10). First Trimester Nuchal Translucency Screening. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/
fetal_diagnostic_procedures/first_trimester_nuchal_translucency_screening.html#
.

Baby2see.com. (2012). Fetal Development, External and Internal genital organs. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.baby2see.com/gender/external_genitals.html#angle_of_dangle.

Week 12

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 12. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/12-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 18). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-care/PR00112/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

(2011) As Your Baby Grows From Conception to Birth. American Baby. Volume 19, Number 2, (ISSN 1076-1075) (45), 10.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 7). Chorionic Villus Sampling. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003406.htm

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne

Mark A. Underwood MD, William A. Gilbert MD, Michael P. Sherman MD. (2005). State of the Art.
Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. Journal of Perinatology, 25, 341–348.
doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.


The Second Trimester

Week 13

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 13. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/13-weeks-pregnant

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Week 14

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 14. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/14-weeks-pregnant

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Laboratories. (2011, May 16). Prenatal Quad Screen. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.clevelandcliniclabs.com/portals/66/PDF/TechBriefs/TB_PrenatalQuadScreen.pdf .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, October 13). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/quad-screen/MY00127/DSECTION=results.

Week 15

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 15. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/15-weeks-pregnant .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Arand, Donna. Babycenter.com. (2012). What’s the best sleep position during pregnancy? Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.babycenter.com/404_whats-the-best-sleep-position-during-pregnancy_7608.bc.

National Sleep Foundation. (2011). Pregnancy and Sleep. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.sleepfoundation.org/article/sleep-topics/pregnancy-and-sleep.

Penny, M.D. MattressReviewLady.com (2013). Air Beds for Pregnancy (and Post Pregnancy!) Retrieved January 2013, from: http://www.mattressreviewlady.com/air-beds-for-pregnancy/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. DES UPDATE: CONSUMERS. ABOUT DES. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.cdc.gov/DES/consumers/about/history.html.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2015, March 12). Diseases and conditions. Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/incompetent-cervix/basics/definition/CON-20035375.

March of Dimes. (2012 April). Pregnancy complications. Cervical insufficiency. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/cervical-insufficiency.aspx#.

Tristine Miller, Julie Snyder. Pregnancy.org. Incompetent cervix — caring for it during pregnancy. Retreived March 2015, from:
http://www.pregnancy.org/article/incompetent-cervix.

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MEDICINE. (2015). Frequently Asked Questions About Incompetent Cervix. Retrieved March 2015, from: http://www.uchospitals.edu/specialties/obgyn/cerclage/faq.html.

Week 16

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 16. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/16-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Benavides, D., ICPCARE.org. (2012). Overview, Itching. Retrieved February 2017, from: http://www.icpcare.org/what-is-icp/overview.

Week 17

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 17. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/17-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Week 18

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 18. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/18-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Azpurua, H., Funai, E., Coraluzzi, L., Sasson, I., Doherty, L., Kliman, M., Kliman, H., (2010) Determination of placental weight using two-dimensional sonography and volumetric mathematic modeling. Am J Perinatology, 27:151-155.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012; 12(Suppl 1): A7.Published online Aug 28, 2012. doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-12-S1-A7

Week 19

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 19. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/19-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113.

Preeclampsia Foundation. (2012). Health Information. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preeclampsia.org/health-information.

Preeclampsia Foundation. (2013, November 14). New ACOG Guidelines Just Released. Retrieved November 2013, from: http://www.preeclampsia.org/the-news/1-latest-news/295-new-acog-guidelines-just-released#.UoWQWxI3mjw.facebook.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, April 21). Definition. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preeclampsia/DS00583.

Week 20

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 20. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/20-weeks-pregnant .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. (2011, July 1). What Are Congenital Heart Defects? Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/chd/.

Altman, C., Wolters Kluwer Health, Up to Date. (2012). Congenital heart disease (CHD) in the newborn: Presentation and screening for critical chd. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/congenital-heart-disease-chd-in-the-newborn-presentation-and-screening-for-critical-chd.

McCormick, K. (2012, October 15). Cora’s Story, She saves lives now, Congenital Heart Defects, Advocacy and Baby Loss. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://corasstory.com.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Umbilical Cord Accidents ABSTRACT. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/pucp.html.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues About The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Common Tests During Pregnancy, What is an ultrasound? Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pregnancy_and_childbirth/common_tests_during_pregnancy_85,P01241/.

McGee Karchner, M., MBA RDMS. SheKnows LLC. (2012). How Can A Sonographer Tell Baby Is A Girl? Retrieved April 2012, from: http://pregnancyandbaby.com/pregnancy/articles/937337/is-it-a-girl-how-an-ultrasound-can-tell.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, February 24). Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preterm-labor/DS01197 .

March of Dimes. (2012 September). Preterm labor. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html

Week 21

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 21. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/21-weeks-pregnant .

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D. Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 25). What’s the significance of a fundal height measurement? Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fundal-height/AN0162

Week 22

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 22. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/22-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 23

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 23. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/23-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2011, September 19). Polyhydramnios. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003267.htm

McCurdy, CM Jr., Seeds, JW. Seminars in Perinatology. (1993 Jun). Oligohydramnios: problems and treatment. 17(3):183-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7690990

Tibboel, D., Gaillard, J.L.J., Spritzer, R., Wallenburg, H.C.S. European Journal of Pediatrics. (1990 April). Pulmonary hypoplasia secondary to oligohydramnios with very premature rupture of fetal membranes. 149(7):496-499.

Underwood, M. A., Gilbert, W.M., Sherman, M.P. Journal of Perinatology. (2005). Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. 25, 341-348. Doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Gramellini, D., Fieni, S., Kaihura, C., Piantelli, G., Verrotti, C. Journal of Maternal Fetal Medicine.(2003). (RG) Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Antepartum amnioinfusion: a review. 14(5):291-296.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2012, August 23). Hydramnios. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000599.htm

University of Rochester Medical Center. Health Encyclopedia. Amniotic Fluid Problems/Hydramnios/Oligohydramnios. (2013, June 28). Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/Encyclopedia/Content.aspx?ContentTypeID=90&ContentID=P02430

Week 24

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 24. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/24-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved May 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 25

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 25. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/25-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Boston Baby Beginnings. (2012). Class Descriptions. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://bostonbabybeginnings.com/class_description.htm.

Week 26

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 26. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/26-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2010, August 28). Glucose Challenge Test. Retrieved June 2010, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/glucose-challenge-test/MY00146

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, August 14). Diabetes &Pregnancy. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://t.cdc.gov/ecards/message.aspx?cardid=303.

Week 27

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 27. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/27-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00113/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2012, February 24). Preterm Labor, Basics. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html.

March of Dimes. (2012 September). Preterm labor. Retrieved March 2012, from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/preterm_indepth.html.

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne.


The Third Trimester

Week 28

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 28. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/28-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Umbilical Cord Accidents ABSTRACT. Retrieved April 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/pucp.html.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

First Candle. Kicks Count! (2011, June 11) Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.firstcandle.org/new-expectant-parents/kicks-count/.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Special Tests for Monitoring Fetal Health. (2011, August). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq098.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120709T1227220832.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

Alere™. (2012). Obstetrical Home Care Services. Retrieved December 2012, from: http://www.alere.com/us/en/health-solutions/health-management/women-and-childrens-health/ob-homecare.html.

Week 29

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 29. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/29-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved July 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health. What Causes Cerebral Palsy? (2012, August 23). Retrieved June 2012, from: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/detail_cerebral_palsy.htm#211413104.

Nelson, K., Grether J. Am J Obstet Gynecol. (1998 August). Potentially asphyxiating conditions and spastic cerebral palsy in infants of normal birth weight. 179(2):507-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Grether%20JK%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=9731861.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (2010). The Pregnancy Institute. Silent Risk, Issues about The Human Umbilical Cord. Retrieved December 2011, from: http://www.preginst.com/silentrisk.pdf.

Whitworth, M., Fisher, M., Heazell, A. (2011, February). NHS Evidence. Green-top Guideline 57, Reduced Fetal Movements. 1-16. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/GTG57RFM25022011.pdf.

Flenady, V., Middleton, P., Smith, G., Duke, W., Erwich, J., Khong, T., Neilson, J., Ezzati, M., Koopmans, L., Ellwood, D., Fretts, R., Frøen, J. Lancet. (2011, May 14). Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries. 377(9778):1703-17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21496907.

C M Dudiak, C G Salomon, H V Posniak, M C Olson, M E Flisak. (1995). Sonography of the umbilical cord. RadioGraphics, 15, 1035-1050.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (1998). The Pregnancy Institute. The Human Umbilical Cord, Discussions. Retrieved Janyary 2013, from: http://www.preginst.com/tpbook/ch26/page3.html.

Week 30

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 30. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/30-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Collins, J., Collins, C.L., Collins, C. (1998). The Pregnancy Institute. The Human Umbilical Cord, Discussions. Retrieved July 2012, from: http://www.preginst.com/tpbook/ch26/page3.html.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, What is a Non-Stress Test (NST)? Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/antepartum_testing_prenatal_diagnosis_treatment_center/non_stress_test.html.

The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. (2012). Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Biophysical Profile. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gynecology_obstetrics/specialty_areas/obstetrics_services/services/antepartum_testing_prenatal_diagnosis_treatment_center/biophysical_profile.html.

Nair, S., Buzzle.com (2012, January 31). Fetal Hiccups. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/fetal-hiccups.html.

Week 31

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 31. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/31-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Week 32

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 32. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/32-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Schworm Acosta, K. (2010 October/November). The Whole 9 Months. Baby Likes To Move It. FitPregnancy, 17(4), 128.

Week 33

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 33. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/33-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Group B Strep International. (2011). What is Group B Strep? Retrieved March 2012 from: http://www.groupbstrepinternational.org/info_main.html.

Week 34

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved August 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114.

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 34. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/34-weeks-pregnant.

Week 35

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 35. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/35-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2011 April). Prevention of Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease in Newborns. Retrieved September 2011, from: http://www.acog.org/~/media/Committee%20Opinions/Committee%20on%20Obstetric%20Practice/co485.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120213T1236475499.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, May 23). Group B Strep (GBS). Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html.

Geoffrey Chamberlain, Philip Steer. (1999). ABC of labour care. Unusual presentations and positions and multiple pregnancy. BMJ. May 1; 318(7192): 1192–1194.

Week 36

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 36. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/36-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Valentin, L., Marsál, K. Early Human Development. (1986 Dec). Fetal movement in the third trimester of normal pregnancy. 14(3-4):295-306. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3492361.

Week 37

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 37. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/37-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Milan, Caesar. (2011, August 29). Introduce Your Dog To Your Baby. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.cesarsway.com/tips/yournewdog/introduce-your-dog-to-your-baby.

The Humane Society of the United States. (2012, July 24). Introducing Your New Pet and New Baby. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/resources/tips/pets_babies.html.

Barth, Lisa. ConsumerReports.org. (2013 October). Car crashes are leading threat to pregnant drivers. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2008/04/car-crashes-are-leading-threat-to-pregnant-drivers/index.htm.

Haelle, Tara. dailyrx.com. (2013 October). Buckling Up While Pregnant. Retrieved October 2013, from: http://www.dailyrx.com/pregnant-women-car-accidents-more-likely-have-birth-complications.

Week 38

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 38. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/38-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. (2011, November 14). Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001596.htm.

Mark A. Underwood MD, William A. Gilbert MD, Michael P. Sherman MD. (2005). State of the Art.
Amniotic Fluid: Not Just Fetal Urine Anymore. Journal of Perinatology, 25, 341–348.
doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211290.

Week 39

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 39. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/39-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

Week 40

Abbott Laboratories. (2012). Your Weekly Pregnancy Development: Week 40. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://similac.com/pregnancy/40-weeks-pregnant.

Roger W. Harms, M.D., Mary M. Murry, R.N., C.N.M. Mayo Clinic. (2011, July 23). Pregnancy Week by Week. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-development/PR00114/NSECTIONGROUP=2.

PennState Hershey, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. (2010, December 1). Pregnancy Central, Labor and Delivery. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=14&pid=14&gid=000145.

Goodreads Inc. (2012). A.A. Milne > Quotes. Retrieved September 2012, from: http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/81466.A_A_Milne.


In the News

Laidman, Jenni. Medscape Medical News. (2013 July). Breast-feeding Rates Up Dramatically, CDC Reports. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/808860.

Stephanie Morain, M.P.H., Michael F. Greene, M.D., and Michelle M. Mello, J.D., Ph.D. (2013, July 17). N Engl J Med 2013; 369:499-501. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1304843. Retrieved July 2013, from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1304843?query=TOC.

Macrae, Fiona. www.dailymail.co.uk. (2013, July 14). How anxiety is linked to the amount of stress your mother suffers during pregnancy. Retrieved July 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2362878/Babies-exposed-mothers-stress-hormone-womb-likely-develop-depression.html.

Ready, Tinker. Medscape Medical News. (2013, June 27). Caesarean Deliveries Level Off After 12-Year-Long Rise. Retrieved June 2013, from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/807000?nlid=31914_1049&src=wnl_edit_dail

Press Release. Action Medical Research for Children. (2013, June 21). Stillbirth and other pregnancy complications: predicting who’s at risk. Retrieved June 2013, from: http://www.action.org.uk/press_release/stillbirth_and_other_pregnancy_complications_predicting_whos_risk.

BBC News Health. (2013, April 26). Cutting cord early ‘risk to babies’. Retrieved April 2013, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22307946.

BBC News Health. (2013, August 6). Pregnancy length ‘varies naturally by up to five weeks’. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-23594668.

Jha, Alok. The Guardian. (2011, June 14). Link found between stillbirth and sleeping position in pregnancy. Retrieved June 2011, from: http://www.theguardian.com/science/2011/jun/14/pregnant-women-sleep-left-stillbirth.

Brown, Larisa. Mail Online. (2013, August 18). Pregnant women CAN drink alcohol and coffee, claims controversial new book that aims to dispel ‘motherhood myths’. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2396526/Emily-Oster-Pregnant-women-CAN-drink-alcohol-coffee-claims-new-book.html.

McConville, Kylie. The Bump. (2013, August). Study Finds Hospital Circumcision Rates Have Dropped: What Do You Think? Retrieved August 2013, from: http://blog.thebump.com/2013/08/22/study-finds-hospital-circumcision-rates-have-dropped-what-do-you-think/?cm_mmc=twitter-_-aug13-_-CircumcisionRatesDropped-_-none.

Kirkova, Deni. Mail Online. (2013, August 4). Pregnant women should be encouraged to engage in regular exercise’: Working out improves mood and reduces fatigue. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2384387/Pregnant-women-encouraged-engage-regular-exercise-Working-improves-mood-reduces-fatigue.html.

Nguyen, Ye, MD. FitPregnancy Online. (2013). Meditation, Mantras and Visualization. Retrieved August 2013, from: http://www.fitpregnancy.com/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/meditation-mantras-visualization?page=2.